Under 10 Crimes (12701_17)

Request

Please can you tell me how many children at the age of 10 or below the age of criminal responsibility have been found responsible for crimes in the police area and which towns they were in for the past five years (2012-2017).

Response

Please note that these data should be interpreted with caution. Comparing numbers of incidents/crimes can be misleading and does not necessarily indicate the likelihood of someone being a victim of crime. In addition, the number of incidents/crimes recorded in an area over a period of time can be influenced by a number of factors. Consequently statistics on incidents/crimes for one period may not necessarily be a good indicator of future incidents in that area.

 

Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from a number of data sources used by forces for police purposes. The detail collected to respond specifically to your request is subject to the inaccuracies inherent in any large scale recording system. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when interpreting those data.

 

It is important to note that suspect age is calculated from the date of birth as recorded on our crime system. We are aware though of data quality issues with regard to the recording of dates of birth and therefore the figures presented may not be accurate. This however is the closest information, relevant to your request that we are able to extract from our systems without undertaking a manual search of records which would exceed the appropriate limit (FOIA, s.12 (1).

 

The figures provided therefore are our best interpretation of relevance of data to your request. If you decide to write an article / use the enclosed data, we would ask you to take into consideration the factors highlighted in this document so as to not mislead members of the public or official bodies, or misrepresent the relevance of the whole or any part of this disclosed material.

 

However in view of the data quality issues described above, I would suggest that you may wish to contact our media department for comment/clarification before those data are used: https://www.west-midlands.police.uk/media-enquiries

 

The total of children at the age of 10 or below the age of criminal responsibility have been found responsible for crimes* by Neighbourhood Policing unit, for past five years.

 

*From November 2016 the LPU’s changed from 10 to 8, with Birmingham South merged with Birmingham West and Birmingham North merged with Birmingham East.

 

NPU 12/13 13/14 14/15 15/16 16/17 Total
Birmingham East ( Since Nov 2016 this is now  Birmingham East ) 19 21 12 30 29 111
*Birmingham North ( Since Nov 2016 this is  now Birmingham East ) 11 8 12 14 4 49
*Birmingham South  ( Since Nov 2016 this is now  Birmingham West  ) 15 20 10 18 10 73
Birmingham West & Central

( Since Nov 2016 this is now Birmingham West  )

2 10 7 19 31 69
Coventry 22 22 18 22 32 116
Dudley 25 16 15 12 26 94
Sandwell 14 18 16 9 17 74
Solihull 5 1 4 10 12 32
Walsall 11 11 14 17 19 72
Wolverhampton 16 8 20 17 37 98
Grand Total 140 135 128 168 217 788

 

*Please also note, children under the age of 10 are not considered to have reached an age where they can be held responsible for their crimes. Because they are under the age of ‘criminal responsibility’ they cannot be charged with any criminal offence. No child under the age of ten shall be guilty of a crime; however they can still commit an offence which will be recorded.  The Home Office Counting Rules state …. ‘All reports of crimes made where the offender (if age known or otherwise) is under the age of 10 years should be recorded as a crime’.

The figures provided therefore are our best interpretation of relevance of data to your request, but you should be aware that the collation of figures for ad hoc requests may have limitations and this should be taken into account when those data are used.

If you decide to write an article / use the enclosed data we would ask you to take into consideration the factors highlighted in this document so as to not mislead members of the public or official bodies, or misrepresent the relevance of the whole or any part of this disclosed material.

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