Child Sexual Exploitation (642_15)

Request

  1. What is your definition of children being at risk of Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE)?

 

  1. Has your police force made an assessment of the number of children at risk of CSE in your force area? If so, when was this done?

 

  1. Do you have a dedicated CSE unit? If so, how many dedicated officers work in that team? (Full time equivalent)

 

  1. What criteria do you use to determine if a child is recorded as `missing’?

 

  1. What criteria do you use to determine if a child is recorded as `absent’?

 

  1. Please provide the following information relating to children aged under 16 in your force area:
  2. a)         Total number of instances children were reported missing in calendar years i) 2012, ii) 2013 and iii) 2014.
  3. b)         Number of instances children were reported missing from a children’s home in calendar years i) 2012, ii) 2013 and iii) 2014.
  4. c)         Number of children reported missing who met your criteria as being at risk of CSE in calendar years i) 2012, ii) 2013 and iii) 2014.
  5. d)         Number of children currently reported as missing who meet your criteria as being at risk of CSE.
  6. e)         Total number of children who have been reported missing more than once between 01/01/2012 ¿ 31/12/2014
  7. f)          Number of children who have been reported missing more than once from a children¿s home between 01/01/2012 ¿ 31/12/2014.

 

  1. Please provide the following information relating to children aged 16-17 in your force area:
  2. a)         Total number of instances children were reported missing in calendar years i) 2012, ii) 2013 and iii) 2014.
  3. b)         Number of instances children were reported missing from a children¿s home in calendar years i) 2012, ii) 2013 and iii) 2014.
  4. c)         Number of children reported missing who met your criteria as being at risk of CSE in calendar years i) 2012, ii) 2013 and iii) 2014.
  5. d)         Number of children currently reported as missing who meet your criteria as being at risk of CSE.
  6. e)         Total number of children who have been reported missing more than once between 01/01/2012 – 31/12/2014
  7. f)          Number of children who have been reported missing more than once from a childrens home between 01/01/2012 – 31/12/2014.

 

Response

  1. What is your definition of children being at risk of Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE)?

 

The nationally agreed ACPO definition of CSE is

Sexual exploitation of children and young people under 18 involves exploitative situations, contexts and relationships where the young person (or third person/s) receive ‘something’ (e.g. food, accommodation, drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, affection, gifts, money) as a result of them performing, and/or others performing on them, sexual activities.

Child sexual exploitation can occur through the use of technology without the child’s immediate recognition; for example being persuaded to post images on the internet/mobile phones without immediate payment or gain.

Violence, coercion and intimidation are common. Involvement in exploitative relationships is characterised by the child’s or young person’s limited availability of choice, as a result of their social, economic or emotional vulnerability.

A common feature of CSE is that the child or young person does not recognise the coercive nature of the relationship and does not see themselves as a victim of exploitation.

 

 

  1. Has your police force made an assessment of the number of children at risk of CSE in your force area? If so, when was this done?

 

488 children have been assessed as at risk of CSE between Jan-July 2014

 

  1. Do you have a dedicated CSE unit? If so, how many dedicated officers work in that team? (Full time equivalent)

 

The Force has recognised CSE as one of its priorities, so it is all of our staff responsibilities and formed part of Operation Sentinel too. There are 15 dedicated officers who assess CSE referrals and then communicate out where necessary to other dedicated teams that are tasked to tackle perpetrators of this type of offence, including the Specialised Child Abuse Teams which number 162 officers.

 

  1. What criteria do you use to determine if a child is recorded as `missing’?

 

” Anyone whose whereabouts is unknown whatever the circumstances of the disappearance. They will be considered missing until located and their well being or otherwise established”

 

 

  1. What criteria do you use to determine if a child is recorded as `absent’?

 

The use of this category will be applied to persons in Local Authority care or in care or accommodation who are the responsibility of Social Care, Education or the Health Authority. In such cases people may be absent from the premises beyond an agreed time and their carers decide that they are not in immediate risk.

 

National guidance advocates if the missing child has not returned within six hours, ‘serious consideration should be given to reporting them as missing’1. In cases after six hours where the location of the child is unknown and they cannot be contacted, the Carer should contact the police. The action taken to date and the risk to the child remaining absent will determine what further enquiries need to be undertaken by the Carer, or whether the child should be dealt with as a missing person. This decision will be taken jointly by the Duty Inspector and the Carer.

 

 

  1. Please provide the following information relating to children aged under 16 in your force area:

 

  1. a)         Total number of instances children were reported missing in calendar years i) 2012, ii) 2013 and iii) 2014.

 

(i) 2012 =127 (ii) 2013 =128 (iii) 2014 = 374

 

  1. b)         Number of instances children were reported missing from a children’s home in calendar years i) 2012, ii) 2013 and iii) 2014.

 

(i) 2012 = 21 (ii) 2013 = 46 (iii) 2014 = 164

 

  1. c)         Number of children reported missing who met your criteria as being at risk of CSE in calendar years i) 2012, ii) 2013 and iii) 2014.

 

Our system does not record this specifically

 

  1. d)         Number of children currently reported as missing who meet your criteria as being at risk of CSE.

 

Our system does not record this specifically

 

  1. e)         Total number of children who have been reported missing more than once between 01/01/2012 – 31/12/2014

 

2012 = 87

2013 = 142

2014 = 251

 

 

  1. f)          Number of children who have been reported missing more than once from a childrens home between 01/01/2012 – 31/12/2014.

 

 

2012 = 18

2013 = 31

2014 = 72

 

 

 

 

  1. Please provide the following information relating to children aged 16-17 in your force area:
  2. a)         Total number of instances children were reported missing in calendar years i) 2012, ii) 2013 and iii) 2014.

 

  • 2012 = 955 (ii) 2013 = 1,136 (iii) 2014 = 1,366.

 

  1. b)         Number of instances children were reported missing from a children’s home in calendar years i) 2012, ii) 2013 and iii) 2014.

 

  • 2012 = 190 (ii) 2013 = 259 (iii) 2014 = 474

 

  1. c)         Number of children reported missing who met your criteria as being at risk of CSE in calendar years i) 2012, ii) 2013 and iii) 2014.

 

Our system does not record this specifically.

 

  1. d)         Number of children currently reported as missing who meet your criteria as being at risk of CSE.

 

Our system does not record this specifically.

 

 

  1. e)         Total number of children who have been reported missing more than once between 01/01/2012 – 31/12/2014

 

2012 =155

2013 = 1,136

2014 =1,366

 

 

  1. f)          Number of children who have been reported missing more than once from a childrens home between 01/01/2012 – 31/12/2014.

 

2012 = 37

2013 = 47

2014 = 81

 

 

You may also find the following website useful

 

http://www.westmidlands-pcc.gov.uk/media/353293/07-spcb-04-nov-14-child-sexual-exploitation.pdf

 

 

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